Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on whatsapp
Share on telegram

Carnet de conducir y coche en Andorra

A VPN is an essential component of IT security, whether you're just starting a business or are already up and running. Most business interactions and transactions happen online and VPN

The carnet de conducir es un de las cuestiones que acecha a aquellos que plantean Andorra como destino para vivir o ya están establecidos, como también las relacionadas con el coche, la moto o en general el vehículo que se tenga en propiedad. Traer su propio vehículo desde el extranjero e importarlo o directamente venderlo en el extranjero y comprar uno nuevo en Andorra es una dicotomía bastante frecuente. Ídem con cualquier otro vehículo diferente, aunque es menos frecuente.

Other less common but equally important issues are those that indirectly also affect the ownership of motor vehicles in the country: la matriculación y las matrículas personalizadas, las placas turísticas, la ITV, los seguros y documentación extra necesaria, impuesto de circulación, garaje y aparcamiento público, etc. they are part of the same pack of topics and questions related to automobiles.

Thus, in this article we are going to try to treat everything related to the automotive industry in the Principality with the greatest possible rigor, as we have always tried to do at Andorra Insiders.

Andorran driving license

Los extranjeros que sean titulares de una autorización de residencia en Andorra de cualquiera de las categorías (no sirve tener un documento provisional), pueden obtener el permiso nacional de conducir. Los extranjeros que, además, ya son titulares de un permiso de conducir expedido por un estado extranjero, quedan obligados a sustituir el carnet de conducir por el permiso andorrano dentro de los 6 meses posteriores a la obtención del permiso de residencia pertinente una vez homologado por los servicios del departamento competente.

Para ello habrán de entregar el permiso de conducir extranjero a las administraciones andorranas y cumplir con los requisitos del Código de Circulación. Si la homologación se solicita después del plazo de un año a contar de la fecha de obtención de la residencia, el solicitante debe iniciar un expediente de obtención del permiso de conducir a excepción existencia de tratados bilaterales sobre homologación y renovación de permisos de conducir con el estado expedidor del permiso de conducir del solicitante.

Proceso de homologación automática

Se homologan automáticamente, sin necesidad de realizar un examen previo las licencias para conducir siguientes:

  • Los expedidos por cualquier estado miembro de la Unión Europea, de acuerdo con la Convención de Viena, de 8 de noviembre de 1968, siempre que se haya establecido y sea vigente un convenio bilateral sobre homologación de permisos y licencias de conducir, o haya criterios de reciprocidad en relación a la homologación de los permisos de conducir de ambos estados.
  • Los expedidos por Estados con legislación sobre tipos de permisos, licencias y pruebas equivalentes a la andorrana, con los que haya reciprocidad en los criterios de homologación o con los que se haya establecido un convenio bilateral de homologación de permisos de conducir que lo prevea.

Así pues, el carnet de conducir andorrano se obtiene de inmediato simplemente canjeándolo si el carné anterior procede de Austria, Bélgica, Dinamarca, Estonia, Finlandia, Francia, Alemania, Grecia, Holanda, Irlanda, Lituania, Luxemburgo, Portugal, Suecia, España, Suiza o el Reino Unido.

Documentation required if you come from those countries

  • Certificate of residence of the corresponding municipality
  • Medical certificate (the test costs about € 25)
  • Color passport photo
  • The original of the foreign driver's license

Extra documentation required in case of other countries

Para todos los demás países, las autoridades pueden requerir además de los siguientes Additional documents:

  • Una traducción legal completa del texto del permiso sellada por un consulado del estado extranjero correspondiente, en caso de no estar en catalán, español o francés.
  • Certificado de autenticidad emitido por el Departamento responsable de la expedición del permiso de conducir extranjero.
  • Certificado de equivalencia de categorías para la homologación, que explique para qué categorías es válido el permiso de conducir extranjero, entregado por la autoridad expedidora del permiso nacional del solicitante.

Cabe destacar que esta documentación debe aportarse con la apostilla de La Haya, para que pueda ser documentación válidad en el Principado de Andorra. En todo caso, para homologar un carnet de conducir extranjero es indispensable que sea vigente el día que se presente al registro la petición de homologación y que no haya sido obtenido mientras el interesado tenga su residencia en el Principado.

Además, estos solicitantes tendrán que pasar un examen práctico de conducción en Andorra, según el programa oficial de pruebas de maniobras y circulación. Por otro lado y finalmente, If they cannot obtain the necessary documents from the country of origin, they will have to take the driving test complete (theoretical and practical) within the first two years of residence in Andorra, in English or Catalan.

Import or take your car to Andorra

The importation of motor vehicles is completely legal and allowed. Alrededor de 3.000 vehículos se matriculan cada año de los cuales aproximadamente el 10% corresponde a re-matriculaciones de vehículos importados. Esto se debe a los nuevos residentes que, con cierta frecuencia, se establecen en el Principado con su vehículo matriculado en origen. Los automóviles que tengan más de 25 años pueden ser importados en Andorra como coches clásicos para coleccionistas.

Necessary requirements

However, there are a number of requirements:

  • First you have to have a Andorran residence permit, as is obvious
  • It is also necessary to be registered and registered in the Comú de la parish where do you reside
  • The vehicle to be imported must have been registered in your name for at least 6 months before importing it
  • The import must be carried out within the following 6 months from the receipt of the residence permit
  • The vehicle must comply with the European emission regulations EURO 5 class or higher (EURO 6)
  • The steering wheel must be on the left

Required documentation

On the other hand, the documentation necessary is:

  • Owner's identification (ID and passport)
  • Certificate of residence (depending on the type of residence)
  • The original purchase invoice for the vehicle
  • Documents of the last technical inspection or ITV in the country of origin
  • Technical certificate and car homologation certificate
  • Insurance policy with an Andorran insurance company
  • Export and import declaration made in the process
  • Cancellation of the corresponding vehicle registration in the country of origin

Approximate costs

With the followings costs associates:

  • Vehicle registration in Andorra has a cost of about € 200
  • To import it, the payment of an amount in euros equivalent to the 4.5% of the current value (the IGI)
  • The cheapest plates, which are issued by the Andorra Automobile Club, they cost € 60
  • If the car has been purchased in a country that is not in the European Union, you have to pay the 10% of its value for an extra tax

Andorra personalized license plates

In the Highway Code of 2014, where it was specified that cars with more than 3 years old could be registered with the condition that they met EURO 5, it was also implemented the personalized license plate system on request.

Conditions of personal plates

However, not everything goes, there are a number of terms:

  • The combinations must be letters and numbers, in that order, or just letters
  • The numbering must be Arabic (0-9) and the letters of the Catalan alphabet, capital letters and without accents
  • The combinations that have already been reserved or assigned naturally are not accepted
  • Combinations that may match the regular registration number are not accepted
  • Nor those that may cause confusion (when letters and figures are difficult to distinguish from each other)
  • Neither the combinations that contain DNA and others that belong to the Andorran state or authorities
  • It must consist of a minimum of two and a maximum of five characters
  • If it has five characters it must start with at least one letter
  • Nor can it be a combination of the letters "MT", "CD", "CMD", "A", "CC" followed by numbers or the word "PROVA"
  • All combinations that are contrary to the law, morality or public order or that generate confusion are rejected
  • All abbreviations considered similar to registered trademarks or trade names are also rejected, unless it is proven to be the owner of them.

Cost of tuition

Further, these license plates have an extra cost, since its quantity is limited, it requires more effort from the administration and its objective is to have another source of income:

  • The cost of the 2-letter and 3-digit license plates is € 300
  • The cost of the 3-letter and 2-digit license plates is € 500
  • The cost of registration with 4 letters and 1 figures is € 1,000
  • The cost of the 5-letter license plates is € 3,000
  • The cost of registrations between 2 and 4 characters is € 6,000

The owner chooses the custom plate y el automóvil donde desea poner la placa, obteniendo una licencia de uso cuyo annual maintenance cost is fixed at € 200. También es posible cambiarla en el futuro a otro vehículo.

Temporary license plates or plates

Non-residents of Andorra can also register and register their car in Andorra. In these cases, temporary tourist or temporary license plates are issued and need to be renewed every year. The registration costs are the same as for the registration of an ordinary registration except the residence certificate, and Only residents of non-EU countries are allowed to drive vehicles registered in Andorra outside the Principality.

Car insurance in Andorra

As we have indicated, to register and circulate in Andorra the vehicle must be insured and you must have an insurance policy with an Andorran insurance company. In this regard, there are numerous insurance companies, such as AXA, Catalana Occidente, Assegurances Generals, Assega assegurances and Assap assegurances, Assegur, Becier assegurances, DKV, Financera d'Assegurances, Generali Andorra, Multisegur, etc. Even those of the Crèdit Andorrà bank or those of the Automòvil Club d'Andorra mentioned above.

There is also a insurance comparator called totsegur y cabe destacar que si se es joven y se tiene el permiso de conducir desde hace poco tiempo (no teniendo, por tanto, experiencia) el seguro suele ser bastante caro.

Comprar e importar un automóvil de Andorra a España

Otra cuestión a tratar al respecto de este tema es el de comprar un vehículo andorrano para importarlo a España como residente español. A pesar de que el Principado sea popular por how low your taxes are and because many people come here to acquire different types of goods, we can tell them from the outset that in general It is not profitable to buy a car in Andorra and take it to Spain.

It's not worth it because In the import process, the indirect taxes of the country to which it is imported must be paid (Spain, VAT of the current value of the car), others such as the circulation rate in that same country, and a series of fees and costs resulting from doing all the paperwork and documentation necessary for this. What this means is that only for certain second-hand vehicles it may be interesting to perform this operation.

In any case, we write the process below required so that if you are an Andorran resident only for a few years or want to return to Spain after a period of work in Andorra, you can re-import it.

Procedure to follow

  1. We have the Andorran car documentation (la famosa tarjeta amarilla, que debe ser firmada por el propietario para poder darlo de baja).
  2. With her you should go to Andorran Central Customs to request the valoración del vehículo (sent by mail).
  3. Ya a disposición de la baja y la valoración del auto, se tiene que ir al Transit (also at the border), which is where they process the name change (€ 11 cost approx.).
  4. With the name change certificate a documentación descriptiva del carro en la frontera andorrana to be able to register it in Spain.
  5. In Spanish customs we carry out the import of the vehicle and we pay VAT corresponding to the valuation made by the Andorran Central Customs (cost of about € 185).
  6. Finally, at the Tax Agency, which is located in Customs itself, the import documentation is delivered. The car can now go down to Spain (although it cannot legally circulate).
  7. The reduced file by a chartered engineer (cost about € 70).
  8. It is requested appointment at ITV, to pass two reviews (€ 90 the first and € 24.50 the second).
  9. Con la ficha del carro ya homologado y la ITV se va al ayuntamiento del municipio donde se ha empadronado para abonar el road tax as applicable, and the Treasury to pay the registration tax.
  10. It is requested in Traffic with a rate of € 90 the new license plate number, which is usually awarded within 24 hours.
  11. Finally with the new license plates and the documentation up to date, a Spanish vehicle insurance.
  12. After which we request in a official manufacturer of the physical license plates and we put them in the vehicle.

Buying a car in Andorra

Aunque hemos dicho que comprar un vehículo en Andorra para llevarlo a España no sale a cuenta, es obvio que yes it is a great advantage to buy a car as an Andorran resident. Esto supone otra opción para aquellos que vayan a ser residentes: comprar directamente un auto andorrano y vender el extranjero.

Buy a car or lambo in Andorra
Lambo in Andorra

The advantages of buying a vehicle in Andorra are obvious due to its taxation: as the general rate of the IGI (equivalent to VAT) is 4.5% compared to the 21% of Spain, and the registration and circulation taxes are substantially lower than in this country, It is much more affordable to buy an Andorran car directly, since it also saves one on import procedures. In addition, this IGI is reduced to 1% in the case of hybrid cars.

Where to buy vehicles

In Andorra there are no dealerships and typical offices of the most famous brands, since until the Principality was opened economically, more than a decade ago, the incorporation of companies in the country required that at least 50% of the capital be owned by an Andorran. Due, large concessionaires belong to large family business groups and there are specific small concessionaires.

Thus, to buy new cars in large dealerships we have, for example, the Pyrenees Group dealers or the Center Prestigi Automòbils. Too Motorauto, the official Opel dealer o Ford Autoselected. On the other hand, there are many small dealerships that usually distribute used and second-hand cars or luxury cars like Sewagen, JM automòbils and more. They can see a list of some of them here.

Finally, there is also a quite interesting search engine called Looking forcotxe where you can search, order and classify the different vehicles, compare prices and contact their owners or suppliers.

Parking in Andorra

If something in general is not lacking in Andorra, it is parking. In general it is outdoor car parks since on the roads and streets there is no space to put squares and blue areas, although there are also covered and on the street. We can find them both public and private and at different prices. For example, here we have a list of communal car parks in Andorra la Vella and its rates and here those from La Massana. Ditto with the other municipalities.

Of course, the ski resorts have their own parking lots in different places and also most of Hotels big. It should also be noted that motorcycles generally have free outdoor parking, which is a big plus for it. Finally, renting a garage space can cost from € 60 / month to more than € 300 / month in the case of a large closed box for several vehicles.

I hope you liked and served the article, thank you very much for reading us. Any questions you have, you already know that you can contact us here.

Leave a Comment

Carnet de conducir, coche y moto en Andorra

Find us on the networks

About us

Andorra Insiders is a professional legal, tax and accounting services platform, specialized in creating companies and establishing people in the Principality. 

Share on social networks

Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on telegram
Share on whatsapp

Most recent posts