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Education in Andorra in 2021

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When thinking about settling in a different country like Andorra for take advantage of all its advantages, la educación no es un tema baladí. Especialmente si el cambio de país es en familia o incluye niños o menores, ya que saber qué, dónde y cómo estudiarán los hijos es más primordial que la propia educación personal de uno. Dudas como el idioma de estudio y las posibilidades y oportunidades que ofrece un sistema educativo distinto para un tutor legal suelen ser frecuentes. Para solventarlas en este artículo vamos a abordar la educación en Andorra.

The Andorran educational system is quite complex, since being the Principality of Andorra in the Pyrenees between France and Spain and have historically welcomed people of different nationalitiesThis has been transmitted to the institutions as well, in this case to the educational ones. This has implied that the educational system is varied and flexible, with great freedom to choose and very complete.

The three educational systems of Andorra
The three educational systems of Andorra

De hecho, si vamos hablar (o escribir) sobre la educación en Andorra deberíamos hablar de los sistemas educativos andorranos, en plural. Porque hay concretamente tres: el french education system, the spanish educational system and the andorran educational system.

We could even talk about four if we include the British College of Andorra. Although the English system can only be accessed through this private school, it can be a very interesting option for english emigrants or from another country that does not want to join any of the three public systems. But first, let's look at a little history.

Historic context

Until the twentieth century, The Principality was a very isolated, rural territory, with very harsh living conditions and a feudal-style political regime with institutions and laws rather typical of the Middle Ages.

However, in 1866, a noble and wealthy Andorran landowner, Guillem d'Areny i Plandolit, spearheaded a reform in government institutions, the Nova Reforma, which allowed for limited participation of heads of households in government from the country. This reform was accepted by the Bishop of Urgel in 1866 and in 1869 by Napoleon III (co-prince) and the General Council was composed, with 24 councilors elected by the trustees.

Esta reforma propició la aparición de las primeras escuelas confesionales y congregacionales, entre las que destaca la de Canillo en 1880. Estas escuelas fueron españolas, y fueron el origen de las escuelas que dependieron por primera vez del Ministerio de Educación de España a partir de 1930.

Por el hecho de que Andorra tradicionalmente siempre ha sido un país receptor de emigrantes, pronto estas escuelas no fueron suficiente y a partir de 1900 se empezaron a abrir las primeras escuelas francesas. La situación jurídica de estas escuelas francesas se reguló en 1982 con la promulgación del Decreto sobre las escuelas y el Liceo del Copríncipe Francés en el Principado.

Treinta años después, en 1930, se crean las primeras escuelas españolas laicas y durante 1960 y 1970 se modernizan las escuelas anteriores. En 1972, se detecta la necesidad de preservar la identidad y las peculiaridades del país en su educación. Así que se pone en marcha un programa de Formación Andorrana en los sistemas educativos foráneos mediante la enseñanza de la lengua catalana y de la historia, la geografía y las instituciones de Andorra.

Esta formación culminaría diez años más tarde en el sistema educativo andorrano, la Escola Andorrana, con una serie de legislación sobre las escuelas como el Decret sobre les escoles. Además, se regula la situación de las escuelas francesas. Finalmente en 1993 se regula la situación de las escuelas españolas, con el Convenio hispanoandorrano de materia educativa, firmado el 11 de enero.

Since 1993 school supply has continued to increase in all areas to the point that there is currently even a high-capacity association, named Zebra4, dedicated to serving those children with extraordinary talent or gifted.

Common conditions

Si bien los tres sistemas educativos son diferentes, todos comparten una serie de puntos mínimos:

  • The powers are centralized in the Andorran Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports with three secretaries of state.
  • All systems are governed by the Qualified Education Law (BOPA 51, September 1993) and by the Andorran Education System Law (BOPA 48, July 1994), although there are agreements with Spain, France and Portugal.
  • Compulsory education includes First and Second Education, and ranges from 6 to 16 years old.
  • Voluntary education is Maternal Education (at 3 years) and Baccalaureate Vocational Training (16 to 18 years), and university education (post-compulsory).
  • Regulated education includes Maternal Education, First and Second education, Baccalaureate, Vocational Training and University Education.
  • With the exception of private schools, all educational systems are free.
  • There is school transportation, provided by the Andorran government.
  • Skiing is a compulsory activity in all educational systems during primary education, under the label «school ski»And as part of the physical education area, as the Principality is a country of snow.

Having said that, we are going to review the different Andorran educational systems.

Spanish educational system

Sant Ermengol School, Andorra
Sant Ermengol School, Andorra
  • It depends on the Spanish Ministry of Education, represented since 1993 by the Ministry of Education of Spain in Andorra, attached to the Embassy of Spain, with Technical Advice and located in Andorra la Vella.
  • Spanish language and culture are promoted, as well as Spanish history and geography.
  • The base language of the Spanish educational system is Catalan, which is the official language of the country. However, Spanish and French are not only taught, but are considered languages of instruction in education, and are so in many subjects throughout teaching.
  • El Colegio María Moliner, que abarca la Escuela española (maternal y primera enseñanza) y el instituto español (segunda enseñanza y bachillerato), está subvencionado por el gobierno de España y es laico.
  • The schools Mare Janer, Sant Ermengol, and Sacred Family they are confessional and are subsidized by the Andorran government, although they follow the Spanish educational system.
  • The Private School of the Pyrenees, now called Ágora International School Andorra, also follows the Spanish educational system although it has a much more international focus, also including English. Of course, this center is private.

Andorran Educational System

The system is similar to Spanish, except that it places more emphasis on knowledge of the Principality in all its aspects.

French Educational System

  • It responds to an Agreement between the Government of the Principality of Andorra and the Government of the French Republic in the field of education, signed in 2004.
  • It is fully funded and subsidized by the French government.
  • He depends on the French educational authorities, and follows his curriculum.
  • The base and vehicular language is obviously French.
  • There are numerous centers, both for maternal, primary and secondary education. Thus, there are two maternal and elementary school centers, that of Andorra la Vella and that of Escaldes-Engordany, and seven elementary schools: Encamp, Santa Coloma, Sant Julia de Lòria, La Massana, Ordino, Canillo Y Pas de la Casa. There is also the Lycée Comte de Foix (see the operation of the french education system).

So that, la oferta escolar de Andorra es muy variada y completa. En cuanto a los alumnos, para que nos hagamos una idea, en el curso 2016-2017 el 28% de los estudiantes estaban en el sistema educativo español, el 39% en el andorrano y el 33% en el francés.

University in Andorra

Si bien la educación primaria y secundaria es muy flexible y avanzada, multilingüe y abre el camino hacia una variedad inmensa de oportunidades (permiten optar a estudios terciarios tanto del propio país, como de España y Francia) , la educación superior en Andorra es muy complicada. El Principado solo tiene la University of Andorra opened in 1997 and offers very few outings, leading students who want to study a better internationally recognized career to leave the country and head to Spain or France.

University of Andorra, education in 2020
University of Andorra, education in 2021

Sin embargo, pese a ser una universidad muy joven, evoluciona muy rápido, está abriéndose internacionalmente y tiene unas cifras más que aceptables. Por ejemplo, en 2018 la Agencia de Calidad de Educación Superior de Andorra (Agència de Qualitat de l’Ensenyament Superior, AQUA) hizo un estudio de inserción laboral de la universidad, resultando que más del 90% de los titulados encuentran trabajo antes de terminar los estudios o durante el primer mes de búsqueda.

The careers offered by the University of Andorra (UdA) are Business Administration and Management, Humanities, Law, Nursing, Computer Science, Teaching, Communication and Language. Of all of them the first 4 are offered in person, while the rest are virtual and in collaboration with other Universities. It also has several master's degrees and other postgraduate degrees.

Las titulaciones de primer ciclo universitario que se imparten en la Universidad de Andorra son bachelores de 180 créditos europeos, estructurados en tres años académicos. Todos ellos adaptados a las directrices del Espacio Europeo de Educación Superior (EEES) y reconocidos en los países que forman parte de él.

In addition, tuition prices are quite affordable, it has its own campus in Sant Julià de Lòria and belongs to numerous international institutions such as the Association of European Universities or the International Association of Universities.

Other tertiary education centers

Además de la Universidad, Andorra cuenta con diversos centros de educación terciaria. Por ejemplo dispone de un professional training center and a Adult Training Center (CFA) at Aixovall, the aviation academy Andorra Aviation Academy o a VATEL subsidiary, the prestigious international hotel and tourism school considered the best in the world in the sector, with a Bachelor and an MBA in International Hospitality.

In conclusion

En conclusión, la educación escolar en Andorra ofrece un amplio catálogo de posibilidades a elegir, es muy flexible y avanza a pasos de gigante para internacionalizarse y conseguir un gran prestigio. Por otro lado, en cuanto a estudios terciarios, si bien la Universidad de Andorra todavía no ofrece muchos grados, los que proporciona son homologados, reglamentados y de gran salida laboral.

In addition, tertiary education is complemented by other tertiary education centers to provide the maximum educational variety possible to a small, but welcoming country with great international aspirations, especially since the last decade of transformation made in this regard.

Finally, we remember that if you want to settle in this fabulous country, the most recommended thing is to do it with the help of good professionals, safely, comfortably and carefree. At Andorra Insiders we collaborate with the best professionals in the country, experts in legal, tax and accounting services, both nationally and internationally for Andorra. In addition, we offer comprehensive support, helping you even in the guide and the day to day of the country, as well as in the search for housing and / or premises, if applicable. You can contact us and move to the country without complications here. And you can read more information about the Principality at our articles section for this purpose.

5 thoughts on “La educación en Andorra en 2021”

  1. Hola que tal!
    Mi nombre es, Jesica.
    Soy de Argentina.
    Tengo pensando mudarme a Andorra, por lo cual tengo una hija de 9 años y esta en 4 grado ,me interesaria saber los horarios que tienen los colegios primarios , como para poder ya ir con una idea y asi organizar mis horarios laborales.
    Saludos Cordiales!!!

    Reply
    • Hola Jesica,

      Tanto si el objetivo es obtener información por teléfono o correo como ir allí físicamente, lo mejor será que se ponga en contacto con el colegio en cuestión con los datos de contacto que ofrecen en sus páginas webs, ya que los horarios tanto de atención como de las propias clases variarán.

      ¡Muchas gracias en cualquier caso por comentar!

      Reply
  2. Buenos días, tenemos pensado como familia mudarnos a andorra por motivos laborales, seria una estadía de 2 años. Nos interesa el colegio Moliner, pero quisiera saber mas información. cual es el costo ya que tengo un niño de 6 años y una niña de 4. les agradecería mucho.

    Reply

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Education in Andorra in 2020

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