Is Andorra a country? Who does it belong to?

Many people wonder what is Andorra: if it is a country or not and if it belongs to someone or some other country. That is why in this article we have proposed to answer this issue breaking it down into small basic questions. At the time we already tried where is or where is Andorra and how to get to the country, so I recommend looking at that article as well. With that said, let's get started.

What is Andorra?

Andorra is a territory within Europe, although not in the European Union. Specifically located in the neck of the Iberian Peninsula, right in the heart of the Cordillera de los Pyrenees between France and Spain. Andorra borders both countries and shares with them, in addition to borders, a highway that crosses the country from the northeast (France) to the south (Spain). Specifically from Toulouse and the French Pyrenees in the south of France to Lleida, in the north of Catalonia, next to the Cadí-Moixeró Natural Park. Andorra is also quite close to Barcelona.

Is Andorra a country? Does it belong to Spain?

Yes, Andorra is a country, and it does not belong to Catalonia and it does not belong to Spain either. The territory of Andorra is governed by a parliamentary co-principal, whose representation is divided into the so-called co-princes of Andorra, who act as heads of state. These are the bishop of Urgel and the president of France, and in a similar way to Spain, they reign but do not govern and their functions are basically reduced to those of representativeness in the country's foreign relations.

Urgell is a diocese of the Catholic Church, subordinate to the Archdiocese of Tarragona. Therefore Andorra is not from Spain and neither is it part of that country. That is why it is such a confessional state and where religion is so unfounded. Thus, the Principality of Andorra constitutes a independent state, which forms a legal and democratic jurisdiction based on the 1993 Constitution, Magna Carta of the country. The head of the Government is the President of the Government and he is the one who proposes the laws to the General Council of Andorra.

The origin of Andorra

As we told in our article on the history of the Principality of Andorra, the origin of the independent country dates back to 788 AD when Charlemagne, after invading and consolidating the territory, granted his protection to Andorra and declared it a sovereign people, leaving administrative rights such as tithes in charge of the bishops of Urgel.

After multiple conflicts and feudal agreements in medieval times, the territory became a co-estate between the Bishop of Urgel and the Count of Foix who, when he acquired the title of King of Navarre and France, there were nobility and title transfers. the lordship acquires the rank of co-principal, being also the titles united in such a way that successive French heads of state are also co-princes of Andorra next to the bishop of Urgel.

Is Andorra from the European Union?

When someone wonders if Andorra belongs to the European Union, they should think that the country has only recently opened up to the outside world since its past as an opaque and isolationist tax haven, as we said in our article on the transformation of Andorra. At that time it left the tax havens lists of the EU and the OECD and made numerous agreements with international organizations and independent European countries.

So that, No, Andorra is not and is not part of the European UnionSince, according to them, "the EU institutions are currently not adapted to the accession of these small countries". But nevertheless, Since the 90's he has been this co-principle approaching positions and reaching agreements constantly:

  • In the year 1991 comes into force on customs agreement between the European Economic Community and the Principality of Andorra, forming a Customs Union of goods, and Andorra is considered a member of the EU for manufacturing trade, but not agriculture. However, there are still customs controls due to Andorra's tax appeal, which encourages the smuggling of certain products and other conflicts.
  • Andorra adopts the euro, first due to its proximity to Spain and France and, after starting negotiations in 2003, finally in 2011 the Monetary Agreement between the European Union and the Principality of Andorra, going the euro to be the official currency of the country and being able to mint their own coins as of 2014. The consideration for this agreement is that they also have the obligation to abide by the monetary and financial regulations dictated by the European Union. We talk more about it here.
  • There is finally an agreement signed in 2003 between France, Spain and Andorra. on the movement and residence in Andorra of citizens of third StatesIn such a way that although Andorra has remained outside the Schengen Agreement, as travelers to Andorra have to go through the Schengen Area, and Andorra does not issue any visa, the entry requirements are in practice the same as in the area Schengen.
  • Also in 2003, a savings tax agreement was signed.
  • In 2004 a cooperation agreement with the EU covering the environment, communications, information, culture, transport, regional and cross-border cooperation and social issues.
  • Progress continues in the approach of positions, As the pact signed by the government for the Association Agreement with the EU, which will be "an instrument available to Andorran operators to diversify the country's economy."

Andorra continues on its course of opening up internationally and attracting financial capital through legal security. For example, recently Andorra became the nth member country. IMF 190. You can read more about relations between Andorra and the European Union in this article, where we analyze the association agreement that is being developed between both entities.

Does Andorra use the euro as its currency?

Yes, Andorra uses and mints euro coins despite not being in the EU. The Principality of Andorra has never had its own official currency in all its history. Until the introduction in 2002 of the euro as a currency in Europe and its circulation in Spain and France Andorra was limited to using the French franc and the Spanish peseta. Then Andorra also adopted the euro as its currency but without legal recognition. It was decided this way because of its proximity to Spain and France and the amount of commercial transactions it had with them. However, it was not allowed to mint its own euro coins.

In 2004, Andorra began to negotiate with the European Union a treaty with which to be able to use the euro officially, despite not being a member country of the Union. After obtaining the approval of the Council of the European Union, the signature arrived in 2011 and entered into force in 2012. Ethe euro became the official currency of Andorra Furthermore, it was able to mint its own euro coins from 2015, since in December 2014 the first euro coin issue took place in Andorra. 

Is Spanish spoken in Andorra?

Yes, Spanish is spoken in Andorra. Although the official language is Catalan, in Andorra the Spanish, French and Portuguese due to its huge immigrant past and present. In addition, of the three above, the most widely used by far is Spanish. In general, the languages spoken correspond to their inhabitants: approximately half are Andorran, a third Spanish, 15% Portuguese and 7% French.

In addition, they exist in Andorra three educational models: Andorran, Spanish and French, in such a way that there is no major problem in educational terms in this sense.

17 thoughts on “¿Andorra es un país? ¿A quién pertenece?”

  1. I thought that Andorra would have to be part of the EU. Així, Catalan would also be an official language in the EU. Is it possible that in the future, Andorra will form part of the right to the EU? Malta hi és membre de ple dret i te an extension inferior to that of Andorra. Furthermore, Maltese is official in the EU.

    • Hi Josep, thank you very much for your comments. Sense to enter into opinions, dubte molt that Andorra entered the EU because it supposes some regulatory, legal, administrative and financial and all fiscal requirements that are not allowed. The damages would be much more than the benefits and they would not know how to be to the Government. Furthermore, the extension does not have much relevance in this subject, other questions related to the historical, geographic, cultural and demographic context of the country are much more important. D'altra banda, faces that Malta tingui menys territorial extension, tea quasi 7 volts more population than Andorra, here it is definitely not the mateix cas. Receive a cordial salutation!

    • Hi Alejandra,

      to enter Andorra you need the same as to enter Spain or France. Therefore, specifically DNI in case of coming from the EU, Passport in case of coming from outside the EU and Passport and Schengen Visa in case of coming from outside the Schengen area.

  2. Hello! I am about to travel to Spain and I would like to know if I am leaving the Schengen area by entering Andorra. In other words, coming from Latin America I need to enter Spain with a ticket out of the Schengen area, can I use a ticket to Andorra as an exit ticket? Or in Andorra does the stay time of 3 months that began when entering Spain also run the same?

    • Hi Caroline, thanks for commenting.

      The documentation you need to enter Andorra is the same as to travel to Spain and France, which I imagine will be ID, passport and Schengen visa. By agreement between Andorra and these countries with the same documentation you can access the country.

  3. HELLO


    • Hi Claudia, thank you for your comment.

      Since Andorra is another country different from Spain, you can obviously stay here another 6 months and the three months spent in Spain do not count.

    • Hi Herlin, thanks for commenting.

      To enter Andorra as a tourist, it is enough to have all the documents that allow you to enter Spain or France. In this sense, then, it will depend on where you come from: your country of origin. Given that to enter Andorra you must first enter Spain or France, simply consider that you are going to travel to Spain or France and do the procedures and collect the documentation you need to go to those countries and you will be able to enter Andorra without any problem.


Leave a Comment

Who does Andorra belong to? Spain or France?
Jose Sanchis, Abast Technology and Systems Specialist, Andorra Insiders
Jose Sanchis

Supply Technology and Systems Specialist

Find us on the networks

About us

Andorra Insiders is an information platform about Andorra managed by Abast Global, an Andorran professional consultancy firm for legal, tax and accounting services specializing in the establishment of people and businesses in the Principality of Andorra. More information here.

Most recent posts